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The Enigmatic Monuments of Andaman and Nicobar Islands

Monuments of The Andaman and Nicobar Islands

In this article, we will take you on a journey through some of the most iconic monuments of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. The Andaman and Nicobar Islands, nestled in the Bay of Bengal, are not only known for their pristine beaches, lush greenery, and rich biodiversity but also for their historical and cultural significance. These islands, often referred to as the “Emerald Isles,” have witnessed centuries of history, from being a remote outpost for colonial powers to becoming a thriving Union Territory of India. Within this archipelago, several famous monuments stand as a testament to its intriguing past and vibrant culture.

1. Cellular Jail

Monuments of Andaman and Nicobar Islands

The Cellular Jail, also known as Kālā Pānī (Black Water), is undoubtedly the most iconic monument of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. This imposing structure is located in Port Blair, the capital of the Union Territory, and has a haunting history associated with it. Built by the British colonial administration in 1906, the Cellular Jail served as a notorious prison during India’s struggle for independence.

The prison was designed to isolate and silence political dissidents and freedom fighters, with individual cells for each inmate, hence the name “Cellular Jail.” The conditions inside were deplorable, and inmates endured immense hardships. It was in this very jail that many freedom fighters, including the likes of Veer Savarkar, Batukeshwar Dutt, and Babarao Savarkar, were incarcerated.

Today, the Cellular Jail stands as a symbol of India’s struggle for freedom, and authorities have transformed it into a national monument and museum. Visitors can explore its galleries and cells, which display exhibits and photographs that vividly portray the harrowing stories of those who endured imprisonment here. The light and sound show held in the evening is a poignant experience that takes you back in time, narrating the tales of sacrifice and courage.

2. Ross Island

Monuments of Andaman and Nicobar Islands

Ross Island, situated just a short boat ride away from Port Blair, is another historical gem of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Once the administrative headquarters of the British colonial establishment, this island has lost none of its colonial charm. The remnants of grand colonial-era buildings, including a church, a bakery, and the British Chief Commissioner’s residence, transport visitors back in time.

The island also holds a fascinating history as the British developed it as a self-sufficient settlement with gardens, a water supply system, and even a club for recreation. Today, Ross Island is maintained by the Indian Navy and is open to the public. Tourists can explore its scenic beauty, ruins, and the resident peacock population.

3. Japanese Bunkers

Monuments of Andaman and Nicobar Islands

During World War II, the Andaman and Nicobar Islands witnessed significant military action, as the Japanese forces occupied them for a brief period. The form of Japanese bunkers scattered across the islands reveals remnants of this dark period in history. These bunkers serve as a chilling reminder of the wartime activities and the strategic importance of the archipelago.

People often hide the bunkers within dense forests or along the coastline, and exploring them is an adventure in itself. While they stand as mute witnesses to a turbulent past, they also offer breathtaking views of the surrounding landscapes and the azure waters of the Bay of Bengal.

4. Anthropological Museum

The Andaman and Nicobar Islands are not only rich in natural beauty but also home to several indigenous tribes with distinct cultures and traditions. To learn more about these tribes and their way of life, a visit to the Anthropological Museum in Port Blair is a must.

The museum houses an extensive collection of artifacts, photographs, and exhibits related to the indigenous tribes of the islands, including the Great Andamanese, Onges, Jarawas, and Sentinelese. It provides valuable insights into their history, customs, and the challenges they face in the modern world. The museum also showcases traditional tools, weapons, and clothing used by these tribes.

5. Samudrika Naval Marine Museum

Monuments of Andaman and Nicobar Islands

Located near the Cellular Jail in Port Blair, the Samudrika Naval Marine Museum is another informative destination that offers a glimpse into the unique marine life and biodiversity of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Managed by the Indian Navy, the museum features a vast collection of shells, corals, and various species of marine life found in the region.

One of the main attractions of the museum is a life-size replica of a saltwater crocodile, a species native to the islands. Visitors can also explore exhibits on the history of the islands, including their geography, archaeology, and the role of the Indian Navy in safeguarding the region.

6. Chidiya Tapu

Chidiya Tapu, or “Bird Island,” is a nature lover’s paradise and is famous for its breathtaking sunsets. Located on the southernmost tip of South Andaman, it is an ideal spot for birdwatching and enjoying the serene beauty of nature. While it is not a monument in the traditional sense, its natural charm and tranquil atmosphere make it a noteworthy destination.

The lush green forests of Chidiya Tapu are home to a variety of bird species, making it a hotspot for bird enthusiasts. Additionally, the island offers several trekking trails, including one leading to Munda Pahad Beach. Watching the sun dip below the horizon at the sunset point is an experience that leaves a lasting impression.


The Andaman and Nicobar Islands are not just a tropical paradise; they are a treasure trove of history, culture, and natural beauty. The famous monuments and attractions of these islands serve as windows to their past, showcasing the struggles of the freedom fighters, the colonial legacy, and the rich indigenous cultures that call this archipelago home. Whether you are a history buff, a nature enthusiast, or simply seeking a tranquil escape, the monuments of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands have something unique and captivating to offer to every traveler. As you explore these iconic monuments and attractions, you will undoubtedly find yourself falling in love with the enigmatic beauty of these emerald isles. Contact us for more travel tips and recommendations.

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Top 6 Monuments of Andaman and Nicobar Islands | 2024 Updated